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Sigma bonds are formed by head to head overlapping orbitals, whereas pi bonds are formed by the lateral overlapping. Additionally, sigma bonds are stronger than pi bonds. Lastly, sigma bonds can be formed between both s and p orbitals whereas pi bonds are mostly formed between p and d orbitals.
I found this website very helpful in pointing out their differences: https://www.majordifferences.com/2014/1 ... -bond.html
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