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the first shell (n=0) only has one subshell, so it only has s orbitals. after that the second shell (n=1) has two subshells, and therefore has s and p orbitals. the third shell (n=2) has 3 subshells and therefore has s,p, AND d.
d is only present in the 3rd energy level and higher because in each energy level (1-4) an orbital (s p d f) is added. The first energy level only has an s orbital, the second has s and p, and the third has s, p, and d.
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