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So according to the definition, the radicals have unpaired electrons. When it comes to odd number of electrons, the molecules would be seen as a radical while those have even number of electrons are not radicals. However, there's also the concept of paramagnetism and diamagnetism. What is the difference between the two concept(radicals vs. para/diamagnetism)? Are molecules that have even number of electrons always not radicals?
The idea of a free radical is not necessarily restricted around even or odd number of valence electrons it has; rather it is dependent on an atom having a "free" electron that is highly unstable and this electron seeks to form a bond by taking an electron from another atom/molecule. Diamagnetism and paramagnetism is a property observed from the degeneracy of electrons seeking to fit the lowest energy configuration state in their respective atom's orbitals.
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