7th edition 2B.9

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Alyssa Bryan 3F
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7th edition 2B.9

Postby Alyssa Bryan 3F » Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:05 pm

For these compounds, ammonium chloride, potassium phosphide, and sodium hypochlorite, why do you separate them into their cations and anions to draw the Lewis structures?

Lily Benitez 2G
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Re: 7th edition 2B.9

Postby Lily Benitez 2G » Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:30 pm

When drawing the Lewis Structure for ionic bonds we have to remember that one atom is "giving away" its electron while the other is receiving it. And one atom will become positively charge while the other will become negatively charge and attract each other. That is why we don't draw the "line" between the atoms because that would signify that they are sharing the electron like a covalent bond.

Anusha 1H
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Re: 7th edition 2B.9

Postby Anusha 1H » Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:31 pm

The actual compounds are not covalently bonded to each other.They're ionic.
That's why the lewis structures are drawn so that the electrons are transferred to the anion to complete its octet and the cation is shown with its charge.

Srikar_Ramshetty 1K
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Re: 7th edition 2B.9

Postby Srikar_Ramshetty 1K » Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:33 pm

You draw them separately because they either are ionic or have a polyatomic ion. NH4+ is ammonium, which is polyatomic. K3P is ionic so electrons are being "transferred". CLO- is hypochlorite, which is also polyatomic.

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Re: 7th edition 2B.9

Postby becca_vandyke_4b » Sun Nov 04, 2018 4:34 pm

I would just go by the idea that if a compound is a salt, aka an ionic bond, you draw them separate. But if it is a molecule, aka a covalent bond, you draw it together.

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