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Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Fri Oct 25, 2019 4:57 pm
by Nikita Patra 3J
Why does the least electronegative atom belong in the the center when drawing the structures?

Re: Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Fri Oct 25, 2019 5:10 pm
by 605379296
This is because the least electronegative element is able to share more electrons when compared to a more electronegative element. This also may be because less electronegative atoms tend to have a lower number of electrons in the valence shell, so it is easier to add more electrons into its valence shell.

Re: Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Fri Oct 25, 2019 5:16 pm
by Julia Mazzucato 4D
I second the above answer. The exception is hydrogen, of course. You never put hydrogen at the center of the molecule when drawing a dot structure.

Re: Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Fri Oct 25, 2019 5:17 pm
by Jason Wu 1E
I believe that the reason the least electronegative atom is in the center of an atom because the element in the center of the atom have to share electrons with all the other surrounding elements. By having the least electronegative atom in the center allows for a more stable bond between the elements because the center atom will be more prone to share the electrons within a covalent bond. However, the least electronegative atom is not always in the center as H2O has Oxygen in the center of the atom. This is because Hydrogen is only capable of forming one bond and thus could not be the center atom.

Re: Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Sat Oct 26, 2019 3:19 pm
by Anokhi Patel 2B
Yes, the least electromagnetic atom must be able to hold the bonds with the other elements, therefore its placement in the center strengthens the entire compound.

Re: Steps to drawing a structure

Posted: Sat Oct 26, 2019 4:11 pm
by Andrew F 2L
Adding on to what others have said about having the least electronegative atom in the middle, I believe I heard Lavelle saying that many of the compounds that are created from the bonds have Hydrogen in them and Hydrogen atoms are nearly always at the very ends of the Lewis structure.