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For this, you have to first know the number of valence electrons the element has and place the correct amount of dots around the atom. For example, oxygen has six valence electrons and therefore will have 6 dots surrounding it. When an oxygen atom bonds with another atom, one of its electrons goes towards making this bond, and it now has five electrons plus the bond (2 electrons), making it have seven valence electrons. To make this an octet, either another bond can be made or another electron can be added, causing the oxygen to have a formal charge of -1.
Yes, after you find the number of valance electrons you add bonds and lone pairs to the compound until each molecule has 8 electrons (except Hydrogen only requires 2). Also important to note, the central atom is the least electronegative one. There other exceptions to the octet rule for more complex structures.
Yes, you find the total number of electrons in the molecule and then you determine which atom is your central atom, which is the one with the lowest ionization energy. Then you would just arrange the other atoms around the central atom and start to bond them together according the octet rules. Always draw in the lone pairs as well, and determine where single, double, and triple bonds form. Also keep in mind that there are exceptions to the octet rule as well. In the end, the number of electrons in the lewis structure should add up to the number of electrons that you initially calculated. Hope this helps!
Counting the valence electrons is the first step, make sure to account for the cations/anions. Next, I write the most electronegative atom in the middle and draw bonds to make sure it has an octet (or lone pairs). I tend to use trial and error, but after practice you know how to draw basic atoms and can work your way up in difficulty. Also, make sure to know which elements can accommodate more than eight valence electrons - including P, S, and Cl as Lavelle noted.
You typically start by counting the number of valence electrons each atom would normally have, and distributing them accordingly. The central atom tends to be the one with the lowest ionization energy, which is often a Carbon atom. Once you have finished drawing out your bonds and filling out the octets needed, make sure that you have the proper number of electrons.
Yes! And once you have found the total number of electrons, try to make each atom achieve an octet. If the central atom is in the 3rd group or lower, however, it can get an extended octet and have more than 8 electrons around it
Hi! There are several steps to draw a lewis dot structure. The first step is to find the total number of valence electrons. Then, you need to figure out what atom is the central atom (which atom is the least electronegative or has the most valence electrons). Then, you can put the electrons around the atoms in the structure. If there are not enough electrons to give each atom a full valence, you have to then add double or triple bonds.
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