Tricks for Resonance Structures

LeannaPhan14BDis1D
Posts: 57
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

Tricks for Resonance Structures

Are there any simple tricks to seeing how many resonance structures there could be for a single compound? What about for the resonance structures with formal charge that is not 0, would we have to include all the structures or do we exclude a certain number of formal charge when making resonance structure?

thank you!

Chloe Qiao 4C
Posts: 65
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

Re: Tricks for Resonance Structures

I think you need to draw the Lewis structures out to see how many resonance there are for a compound. And for your second question, usually we only choose the best representation(the one with most atoms having formal charge 0 and with the most electronegative atoms having the negative formal charges), and then we change the place of double bonds(if possible) in that representation to draw resonance.

Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Re: Tricks for Resonance Structures

My question is, if the formal charge is 0 for all atoms in the bond, is are there resonance structures?

Keshav Bhatnagar 1H
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Re: Tricks for Resonance Structures

Madeline Motamedi 3F wrote:My question is, if the formal charge is 0 for all atoms in the bond, is are there resonance structures?

Even though there may be a compound with a formal charge of 0, that doesn't necessarily mean the compound doesn't have any resonance structures. You need to play around with double bonds and delocalizing electrons to find the resonance structures.

JiangJC Dis2K
Posts: 72
Joined: Fri Oct 12, 2018 12:16 am

Re: Tricks for Resonance Structures

Just try to draw as many as possible. Usually it's symettric or the question tells you how many resonance structures to consider. We won't be calculating the actual mixed bond lengths or anything because that's exclusively found experimentally.

almaochoa2D
Posts: 67
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Re: Tricks for Resonance Structures

I'm pretty sure we won't need to know how many resonance structures we need to draw, the problems will tell us how many resonance we need to draw.

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