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Many of the textbook problems ask to find resonance structures for compounds— are there any tricks to how we can find ALL of the resonance structures? So far I've just been drawing out a lot as trial and error but I was wondering if there's any other ways to go about this.
I don't think there are any "tricks" for resonance structures. It's pretty much just trial and error while making sure formal charges fit the structure. The only "trick" I can think of is when there are double bonds to similar elements that can be exchanged with each other such as:
- Resonance.GIF (8.75 KiB) Viewed 159 times
You should be able to determine if something is a resonant structure from formal charge tests, as a resonant structure will contain one or more bonds of multiple bond order. However, otherwise there is no trick to determine whether something is a resonant structure.
I don't think there are certain "tricks" in drawing resonance structures. The best way would be to look at the formal charges and making sure they are as close to zero (or add up to the ion charge) If the structure consists of different types of bonds and you notice that the different types of bonds (for example a double bond can be draws on either oxygen atom) then we could draw two structures showing that it doesn't really matter which oxygen atom the double bond is connected to, and that the most stable structure is an average of the bond lengths.
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