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Determining the Pairing for Lewis Structures

Posted: Wed Oct 30, 2019 7:39 pm
by ALegala_2I
How do we know when the hydrogen will be attached to the central atom vs other atoms? Like in the case of HClO2, why is the hydrogen attached to the oxygen and not the chlorine?

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Re: Determining the Pairing for Lewis Structures

Posted: Wed Oct 30, 2019 8:14 pm
by Suraj Doshi 2G
I believe that specifically for this case, the hydrogen bonds to oxygen due to the strong covalent bond attraction. Since Cl is larger than O, the dipole-dipole attraction is weaker and thus hydrogen does not like to bond with chlorine.

Re: Determining the Pairing for Lewis Structures

Posted: Wed Oct 30, 2019 9:38 pm
by Mashkinadze_1D
If I am correct, hydrogen generally tries to bond to N, O, or F as this allows it to take place in hydrogen bonding. Therefore, it did not bond to Cl because then the overall strength of the molecule would be decreased significantly.