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In regards to counting the electrons on the molecule to make sure that each atom has the right amount, when are bonds counted as two electrons and when are they counted as one? I might be pretty confused so if the question is off let me know(:
Bonds are always counted as one electron, never as two electrons. If a single bond is present there is one election. In the presence of a double bond, there are two electrons If a triple bond is present there are three electrons.
If you are checking for formal charge and actually plugging into the equation then you should count bonds as two because you will be multiplying by 1/2 anyway, but if you are just counting them and subtracting from the number of valence electrons it has then only count the bonds as having one electron.
When checking formal charge, bonds count as a single electron if you are not using the equation and just counting, but if you are trying to satisfy an octet, a single bond counts as two electrons for an atom.
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