## Stable Vs. Formal

$FC=V-(L+\frac{S}{2})$

Shibhon_Shepard
Posts: 32
Joined: Wed Nov 15, 2017 3:04 am

### Stable Vs. Formal

Is there a difference between the stable charge and the formal charge? if they are explain please and thank you.

Rachel Yoo 1F
Posts: 40
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:24 pm

### Re: Stable Vs. Formal

I think stable charge refers to the formal charge of the most stable structure for the specific molecule

Tam To 1B
Posts: 42
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:25 pm

### Re: Stable Vs. Formal

Formal charge would refer to the charge of each individual atom and the overall number of electrons an atom owns in a molecule. I believe stable charge would just be the most stable form of the entire molecule.

Posts: 33
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:19 pm

### Re: Stable Vs. Formal

Formal charge is the electric charge of an atom in a molecule assigned on the assumption that the bonding is nonpolar covalent. It is calculated by FC = number of valence electrons in the free atom - (number of lone-pair electrons + 1/2 * number of shared electrons). Stable charge refers to the formal charge of the most stable structure of the given molecule (closest to 0).

uhedlund
Posts: 32
Joined: Wed Nov 15, 2017 3:03 am

### Re: Stable Vs. Formal

Formal charge is the overall charge of an atom or molecule; the most stable charge for a molecule is generally the formal charge closest to 0.

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