Formal Charge of Central Atom


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kevintang2018
Posts: 39
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:28 pm

Formal Charge of Central Atom

Postby kevintang2018 » Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:17 pm

What should the formal charge for the central atom of ClO2+ be. Should it have a charge of one because it is positively charged overall. I don't quite understand which formal charge should go on what molecule.

Thanks

Jonathan Zhao 4H
Posts: 33
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:26 pm

Re: Formal Charge of Central Atom

Postby Jonathan Zhao 4H » Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:19 pm

I'm not exactly sure about ClO2+, but generally, you would want the formal charge for the central atom to be 0, and the outer atoms with the charge.

Louis Zhao 4C
Posts: 30
Joined: Sat Oct 06, 2018 11:17 pm

Re: Formal Charge of Central Atom

Postby Louis Zhao 4C » Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:29 pm

The formal charge of the Cl atom in ClO2+ can be +1 because the net charge of the all of the atoms should equal the net charge of the polyatomic ion which is +1 in this case. If both of the Cl-O bonds are double bonds then the two oxygen atoms have a formal charge of zero, and the formal charge of the Cl atom is +1. 0+0+1= 1 which is the net charge of all of the atoms and is also the charge of the ClO2+ molecule. Also, the more electronegative elements(Oxygen in this case) should have the more negative charge ( 0 vs 1 )

Joon Chang 2F
Posts: 32
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:25 pm

Re: Formal Charge of Central Atom

Postby Joon Chang 2F » Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:32 pm

Yes the formal charge for Cl in ClO2+ should be +1 because it has a lone pair.

kevintang2018
Posts: 39
Joined: Thu Sep 27, 2018 11:28 pm

Re: Formal Charge of Central Atom

Postby kevintang2018 » Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:36 pm

Jonathan Zhao 3F wrote:I'm not exactly sure about ClO2+, but generally, you would want the formal charge for the central atom to be 0, and the outer atoms with the charge.


Oh, I figured it out. The formal charge of the central atom, Cl, in ClO2+ is actually has a formal charge of +1 because there is going to be a positive charge on the atom because of the charge. Oxygen is more electronegative than Cl, so it wants to have a full octet. So the formal charge of the oxygen is 0 and the formal charge of Cl is +1.

I appriciate the response.


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