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You have to take into account all of the atoms in the Lewis structure and the overall charge of the molecule because it is more stable when the negative formal charge is on the more electronegative atom and the positive formal charge is on the less electronegative atom.
What the people of above me said :). The center atom's formal charge may not always be zero, if there is a choice between an outer atom with a formal charge of zero and the center atom with zero than it is best to have the center atom with zero.
Formal charge of the central atom is not always zero. It is better to look at formal charges of all atoms inside a structure. With more atoms having a formal charge of zero the structure is the most stable. And in the case when the formal charges are not zero, the more electronegative atom should have a more negative formal charge.
When drawing lewis structures your goal should not be to have the central element have a formal charge of zero but rather have the most elements have a formal charge of zero and the most electronegative elements carry the negative formal charges.
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