formal charge


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Sophia Dinh 1D
Posts: 100
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

formal charge

Postby Sophia Dinh 1D » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:28 pm

Why when the formal charge is closer to 0 is the structure more stable?

ASetlur_1G
Posts: 101
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

Re: formal charge

Postby ASetlur_1G » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:34 pm

Minimizing formal charges leads to electrons being more evenly distributed rather than being concentrated in one area which leads to regions of negative charge.

Kevin Liu 1J
Posts: 53
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:16 am

Re: formal charge

Postby Kevin Liu 1J » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:34 pm

A more symmetrical distribution contributes to the overall stability of the molecule, indicating why formal charges closer to zero are more stable.

PranaviKolla2B
Posts: 114
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:17 am

Re: formal charge

Postby PranaviKolla2B » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:39 pm

How do you calculate formal charge again?

Micah3J
Posts: 100
Joined: Tue Oct 08, 2019 12:16 am

Re: formal charge

Postby Micah3J » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:41 pm

PranaviKolla3G wrote:How do you calculate formal charge again?


The formal is...
FC = V - (L + S/2)

505306205
Posts: 97
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

Re: formal charge

Postby 505306205 » Sun Nov 03, 2019 9:41 pm

Formal charge is calculated by subtracting the number of bonds plus the number of free electrons from the number of valence electrons of that atom. The sum of the number of bonds plus the number of free electrons can be thought of as the sum of the number of sticks (bonds) and dots (electrons).


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