## Calculating formal charge

Nikita Patra 3J
Posts: 50
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:16 am

### Calculating formal charge

Why is that when we count the total number of valence electrons, we count the two electrons in the covalent bond as if either atom has both of them when we consider the octet rule, but when we calculate formal charge, we only count one of the two electrons in the covalent bond?

nehashetty_2G
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

### Re: Calculating formal charge

I think that when calculating formal charge, the concept is not to look at how many electrons an atom has, rather it is to look at the number of SHARED bonds that an atom is involved in.

Abigail_Hagen2G
Posts: 107
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Calculating formal charge

Valence electrons just show how many bonds can be formed, while formal charge shows the bonds.

Daniel Yu 1E
Posts: 100
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:15 am

### Re: Calculating formal charge

When calculating formal charge, you would count each e- in lone pairs as individual e- but shared e- as a whole because their charge is not solely distributed to one atom.