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I understand that sometimes we are going to be given a molecule and we may not have enough electrons to fill up all the shells. In these cases, with an odd number of electrons, where do we give that extra electron to? In other words, which element gets the extra electron? Does it have to do with electronegativity or some other value?
The electron is usually placed in a way that would allow our structure to be the lowest energy structure, meaning the least formal charges possible. So, it’s mostly the same as any other situation where you’re trying to figure out the best structure for bonding, except this time you happen to have a free radical.
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