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Electron distortion

Posted: Wed Nov 07, 2018 11:52 pm
by Tinisha 1G
Can someone explain the concept of how bigger atoms have more electron distortion and how that leads to a higher polarization?

Re: Electron distortion

Posted: Thu Nov 08, 2018 12:19 am
by 2c_britneyly
Larger atoms have more electrons in higher energy levels. As a result, electrons are not bound as tightly to the nucleus and each atom will have a larger electron cloud. Because electrons are loosely attracted to the nucleus, it's easier for them to shift around, so electron clouds are more easily distorted. This shifting of electrons leads to an induced dipole moment, resulting in stronger intermolecular forces.

Re: Electron distortion

Posted: Thu Nov 08, 2018 10:44 am
by Kevin ODonnell 2B
Basically to sum it up on how I see it is more electrons = greater ablity to bond and form stronger bonds.

Re: Electron distortion

Posted: Fri Nov 09, 2018 6:01 am
by gwynlu1L
Also, the distortion is describing the electron cloud of a bond. So, if more loosely held electrons (probably big ions they have lots of shells for shielding) are present, a cation will pull those electrons into the space between the two ions more, distorting the electron cloud.