Determining the polarizability

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Tinisha 1G
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Determining the polarizability

Postby Tinisha 1G » Tue Nov 13, 2018 10:22 pm

Is charge relevant when looking at which anion is more polarizable? Or do we just look at the size of the atom?

Ashley Zhu 1A
Posts: 69
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

Re: Determining the polarizability

Postby Ashley Zhu 1A » Tue Nov 13, 2018 10:44 pm

You don't really look at the charge of the anion when determining its polarizability but rather its size and electronegativity. Polarizability increases as the ion gets larger and less electronegative since the electrons aren't held as tightly by the nucleus. One of the homework problems shows this nicely (2D.11 in 7th edition): O2- < N3- < Cl- < Br- for increasing polarizability.

2c_britneyly
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

Re: Determining the polarizability

Postby 2c_britneyly » Tue Nov 13, 2018 11:31 pm

You generally only consider charge as a factor when the ions are positively charged because that's when atoms are seeking more electrons.

Neil Hsu 2A
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

Re: Determining the polarizability

Postby Neil Hsu 2A » Wed Nov 14, 2018 12:29 am

Charge is less relevant when looking at anions, rather you should look at the number of electrons in relation to the number of protons in the nucleus, in addition to the size of the anion. For example, in the problem 2D.11 in 7th edition that was brought up, the polarizability of N3- is more than O2- since they both have the same number of electrons while nitrogen has one less proton in its nucleus. This makes it so that the polarizability of the nitrogen anion is greater. For Br- and Cl- in that problem, simply look at the size of the anion, whose shielding plays a large role in its high polarizabilities.

705022748
Posts: 26
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:25 am

Re: Determining the polarizability

Postby 705022748 » Thu Nov 15, 2018 10:37 pm

You don't have to look at the charge when looking at anions, only consider it when when ions have positive charge.


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