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Polarizability corresponds with the interaction between electrons and the nucleus. The less electrons, the stronger the interaction between those electrons and the nucleus. These electrons would be held tightly and have low polarizability because the interaction between those electrons and the nucleus is too strong.
Polarizability can be thought of as the ability for a molecule's electrons to be distorted/affected by other charges. Atoms with more electrons typically have a higher polarizability since they are less attracted to the positive nucleus due to shielding of electrons.
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