Chemical Bonds of Nonmetals

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Chemical Bonds of Nonmetals

Postby DanielleNario1A » Sun Dec 02, 2018 4:01 pm

Since nonmetals rarely lose electrons in chemical reactions because their ionization energies are too high, can a nonmetal atom get enough electrons to complete its valence shell and form an anion? And does that mean that would it correspond with the configuration of the next noble gas?

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Re: Chemical Bonds of Nonmetals

Postby anthony_trieu2L » Sun Dec 02, 2018 4:20 pm

Nonmetals rarely lose electrons and therefore it is common for them to gain electrons and form anions, as their electronegativities are very high.

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Re: Chemical Bonds of Nonmetals

Postby hazelyang2E » Sun Dec 02, 2018 4:53 pm

Yes, because nonmetals have a higher electronegativity they are more likely to attract and gain electrons in order to achieve a full octet. For example, the halogens are more likely to gain 1 electron than to lose the 7 electrons that they already have. By gaining that 1 electron, they achieve the electron configuration of the noble gases.

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