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Potential energy

Posted: Thu Nov 21, 2019 4:13 am
by salvadorramos3k
Can somebody please explain the parameters of intermolecular energy in E is proportional to (-alpha1alpha2/r^6)?

Re: Potential energy

Posted: Thu Nov 21, 2019 9:08 am
by Veronica_Lubera_2A
Alpha stands for polarizability and r stands for distance. So, intermolecular forces depend on the strength of an atom to distort electrons as well as how far the two atoms/molecules are away from each other.

Re: Potential energy

Posted: Thu Nov 21, 2019 9:29 am
by Justin Sarquiz 2F
Since the r is to the power of 6, the distance has the most impact on the potential energy of a molecule. In other words, the potential energy is strongly dependent on the distance between atoms.

Re: Potential energy

Posted: Thu Nov 21, 2019 9:51 am
by Ariana Iranmahboub1G
It is also good to know that polarizability (alpha) depends on the number of electrons and the size of the atom/molecule. So the greater the size and the number of electrons the molecule has, the greater polarizability it has. These electrons in the atom or molecule is what causes the electron distortions in nearby atom or molecule.