Fluorine's Electronegativity

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Alfred Barrion 2H
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Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:16 am

Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Alfred Barrion 2H » Sun Oct 27, 2019 11:39 pm

Why is Fluorine touted as the most electronegative atom? What makes it so electronegative?

Eesha Chattopadhyay 2K
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Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Eesha Chattopadhyay 2K » Sun Oct 27, 2019 11:45 pm

Fluorine is the most electronegative atom because it has 7 valence electrons (5 in the 2 p shell) and therefore is close to the optimal electron configuration, making it have a higher affinity for gaining another electron to reach the stable octet configuration.

Midori Hupfeld 3D
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Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Midori Hupfeld 3D » Sun Oct 27, 2019 11:46 pm

The rule for increasing electronegativity is that it increases across a period and up a group. Since the noble gases don't apply to this rule (they have completely full shells), fluorine is the uppermost and rightmost element on the periodic table.

Ashley Fang 2G
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Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Ashley Fang 2G » Mon Oct 28, 2019 12:23 am

Adding to that, ignoring noble gases, fluorine also has little shielding effect since its electrons are close to the nucleus in the n=2 shell. Thus, the protons in the nucleus have a stronger pull on the electrons than in any other element.

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Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby BryantChung_4B » Mon Oct 28, 2019 3:02 am

Fluorine only has electrons in the n=2 shell, meaning there are no higher layers to "shield" the positive charge from attracting electrons. It also has the highest number of protons in its period, making the nucleus attract electrons very strongly.

Emily Vainberg 1D
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Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Emily Vainberg 1D » Mon Oct 28, 2019 4:39 pm

The higher the electronegativity of an atom, the greater its ability to attract shared electrons. The electronegativity of atoms increases as you move from left to right across a period in the periodic table. If you look at the periodic table, Florine is one of the most electronegative atoms because it is the farthest up and the farthest to the right.

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Re: Fluorine's Electronegativity

Postby Leila_4G » Mon Oct 28, 2019 8:36 pm

I don't really understand why elements in group 1 are not highly electronegative? Maybe I don't know the definition of electronegativity.
Also, why does electronegativity increase at you go up the groups?

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