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I know -1/2 and +1/2 denote if its clockwise or counterclockwise. And that in the presence of a magnetic field a beam of electron will split into 2 directions due to their electron spin. So it has an impact when there's a magnetic field, but that's all I know.
1/2 and -1/2 denotes whether or not the electron spins clockwise or counterclockwise or rather the orientation of the spin momentum of the electron in an orbital. When electrons are paired up in the subshell orbitals, they have opposing spin directions, which is also important in terms of bonding because electrons cannot have pair up if they have the same fourth quantum number as mentioned above.
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