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If one atom in a bond is more electronegative than the other (meaning it has a stronger attractive force pulling on the electrons in the bond, and the electrons will cluster around it) then there is a dipole moment which causes partial negative charge on the more electronegative atom and partial positive charge on the other atom. A dipole moment refers to this difference in electronegativity in one bond of a molecule, and there can be multiple dipole moments in one molecule that either cancel out (making a non-polar molecule) or don't cancel out (making a polar molecule with overall unevenly distributed charges).
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