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A dipole is a compound that has a difference in electronegativity between two different species of atoms, and the one with the higher electronegativity attracts the electrons to the atom, making one atom more negative and one more positive.
dipole moments occur when a polar molecule comes within close proximity to a non-polar molecule. A partial positive of the polar molecule will attract the electrons of the non-polar molecule and cause them to migrate to one side of the molecule resulting in a momentary partial negative until the molecules drift out of close enough proximity (and vice versa).
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