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So during the lecture on Friday, Professor Lavelle drew the structures of Benzene and I was wondering what he meant when he wrote 1.34 Angstroms next to a double bond between C-C, and1.54 Angstroms for a single bond. What do these numbers describe? And what does he mean that electrons in resonance structures are delocalized?
The numbers present in his diagrams were the lengths of the bonds on the molecule. The double bonds had a lower Angstrom value because they are stronger bonds resulting in a stronger pull between molecules. The stronger pull positions them closer together and requires a smaller bond between the molecules, hence the differing Angstrom values between double and single bonds in his example.
The double bonds are shorter than the single bonds because the extra e- creates more attractions between 2 elements. However, for benzene there are not true single or double bonds. Benzene actually has delocalized bonds, so rather than drawing a hexagon with alternating double bonds, the actually structure is a hexagon with a circle inside to show the delocalization.
Angstrom is a unit of length, so the numbers represent the bond length between the two atoms. I believe the reason Professor Lavelle cared to specify the lengths of the bonds is to show that single bonds are longer than double bonds.
the numbers are the bond length, which is measured in Angstroms. Double bonds are shorter than single bonds which is why the bond length for the double bond was less (shorter) than the length for the single bond
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