(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)
4 posts • Page 1 of 1
When molecules have lone pairs around the central atom, other bond angles are forced closer together (we won't know the exact angle, but you can see that the bond angles would be a little less than those in a structure without lone pairs). This applies to O3, which has 1 lone pair around the central atom.
Whether the bond angle is less or more depends on whether there are lone pairs or not. This is because lone pairs strongly repulse not only each other but also other atoms within the molecules. In the case of O3, the central O has a lone pair and two bonding pairs. The repulsion between the bond pairs is less that the repulsion between a bond pair and the lone pair. As a result, the other two oxygen atoms in the molecule come closer together, making the bond angle less than 120 degrees and slightly distorting the trigonal planar shape.
To add on to the previous posts, some bond angles are not an exact number, because they are based on experimental values. The angles form from electron repulsion (lone pairs). The electrons need to have the maximum space apart. Thus, the shapes are formed.
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests