trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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Emma Li 2C
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trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby Emma Li 2C » Wed Nov 15, 2017 8:20 pm

How do you tell if a molecule (with 4 atoms) has a trigonal planar shape or is t-shaped?

Sammy Thatipelli 1B
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Re: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby Sammy Thatipelli 1B » Wed Nov 15, 2017 9:07 pm

an atom is trigonal planar if it has three regions of electron density and the angles are at 120 degrees evenly, like an equilateral triangle. it is t-shaped if you have three regions of electron density, but one of these regions consists of a lone pair of electrons. the lone pair electrons cause the molecule to have angles to be slightly less than 120 degrees

Tatiana R Dis 3E
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Re: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby Tatiana R Dis 3E » Wed Nov 15, 2017 9:11 pm

If it has three reactions of density but one is a lone pair, wouldn’t that be bent?

aTirumalai-1I
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Re: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby aTirumalai-1I » Wed Nov 15, 2017 9:37 pm

Nope, a molecule with 4 regions of electron density, 2 bonded and 2 lone pairs, would be bent.

Justin Yu 3H
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Re: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby Justin Yu 3H » Wed Nov 15, 2017 11:44 pm

First off, although trigonal planar and t-shaped molecules both consist of 4 atoms, they differ in the amount of electron pairs on the central atom. Trigonal planar molecules have 4 electron pairs, 1 lone and 3 pairs with the other 3 atoms, while t-shaped molecules have 5 electron pairs, 2 lone and 3 pairs with the other 3 atoms.

Nickolas Manipud 1C
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Re: trigonal planar vs. t-shaped

Postby Nickolas Manipud 1C » Sat Nov 18, 2017 1:59 pm

Emma Li 3F wrote:How do you tell if a molecule (with 4 atoms) has a trigonal planar shape or is t-shaped?


I was having trouble with this too but this picture really helps
https://goo.gl/images/2yK9vp


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