Lone Pairs

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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Andrew Berard 1F
Posts: 21
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:01 am

Lone Pairs

Postby Andrew Berard 1F » Tue May 29, 2018 5:04 pm

I think I missed the lecture that this was covered, but how do lone pair electrons affect bond angles? Thanks!!:-)

Ignacio Ramirez 1J
Posts: 31
Joined: Tue Nov 14, 2017 3:02 am

Re: Lone Pairs

Postby Ignacio Ramirez 1J » Tue May 29, 2018 5:09 pm

Bond angle is affected by the presence of a lone pair of electrons at the central atom. A lone pair of electrons at the central atom will always try to repel the bonded pair of electrons(Also called the lone pair repulsion). Therefore, the bonds are displaced slightly inside resulting in a decrease of the bond angle.

Briana Lopez 4K
Posts: 44
Joined: Wed Nov 22, 2017 3:01 am

Re: Lone Pairs

Postby Briana Lopez 4K » Tue May 29, 2018 5:21 pm

A lone pair of electrons repels more than a bonded pair of electrons because LPE are less stable and have more energy. An electron bond and a lone pair are both considered regions of electron density, and regions of e- density repel. The LPE repel more which means that the bond angles will decrease because they are being pushed closer together by the LPE.
An example would be AX3 and AX2E1
Both have 3 regions of electron density, however one has a lone pair (E1) which means that the bond angles here will be smaller

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