(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)
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A polar molecule is a molecule that has a nonzero dipole moment, while a nonpolar molecule is a molecule that has no dipole moment. That means in polar molecules, the forces do not cancel out. Instead, the forces will cancel out for nonpolar molecules.
To give examples, CCl4 is a nonpolar molecule because although it has 4 dipole moments all going towards the Cls, the dipole moments cancel out due to the symmetry of the molecule. BUT, if you replace two of the Cl atoms in the molecule with Br atoms, making CBr2Cl2, the new molecule is polar because the dipoles do not cancel since there is no symmetry due to different atoms being attached to the C.
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