Bond Angles

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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jane_ni_2d
Posts: 67
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Bond Angles

Postby jane_ni_2d » Mon Nov 26, 2018 5:21 pm

How can you tell when bond angles are going to be "slightly less than" 109.5/120, etc.??

skyeblee2F
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Re: Bond Angles

Postby skyeblee2F » Mon Nov 26, 2018 5:29 pm

When there is a lone pair present, its electron density will always cause a repulsion of the other densities, causing slightly smaller bond angles. A trigonal pyramidal molecule is essentially a tetrahedral (109.5º) where one of the bonds is replaced with a lone pair. This lone pair experiences repulsion with the other bonds, resulting in angles slightly less than 109.5º, 107º to be more exact.

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