(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)
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Delocalization refers to how electrons in molecules, ions, etc. and thus covalent bonds aren't associated with and limited to a single specific arrangement. This is seen in resonance structures where the covalent bonds are in different positions.
In resonance structures, electrons are not just limited to the single/double bonds as seen in the different Lewis structures, but actually delocalized, or spread out, among all of these bonds. Therefore, no resonance structure is the actual Lewis structure of the molecule. Rather, the molecule is a blend or hybrid of all the resonance structures.
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