(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)
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Even if a molecule with a trigonal pyramidal shape looks to be arranged tetrahedrally (bond angles=109.5), the lone electron pair has a greater electron repulsion strength than a bonded one, forcing the 3 bonded atoms closer to each other, and thus making their bond angles slightly less than 109.5.
The bond angles of atoms within a molecule with a trigonal pyramidal shape are less than 109.5 degrees because the lone pair of electrons has greater electron repulsion, so the three bonding pairs are pushed closer together. Lone pairs have greater repulsion because they have a stronger negative charge and are closer to the central atom because, unlike bonding pairs, they are not being pulled away to be shared by another atom.
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