polarity of dichloromethane

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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Cavalli_1H
Posts: 92
Joined: Thu Sep 19, 2019 12:15 am

polarity of dichloromethane

Postby Cavalli_1H » Sat Dec 07, 2019 9:46 am

at the study session last night he said that dichloromethane (CCl2H2) is polar no matter where the Cls are arranged. Can someone explain why this molecule would still be polar?

Sanjana Borle 2K
Posts: 111
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

Re: polarity of dichloromethane

Postby Sanjana Borle 2K » Sat Dec 07, 2019 9:56 am

Since the structure of this molecule is tetrahedral, it is not the same that it looks when drawn as a 2 d Lewis structure. Essentially a tetrahedral structure can be rotated in different ways that is not accurately depicted in a 2 d structure, so if the H's and Cl's were opposite each other the molecule would still be polar. Imagine that the atoms on the left and right of the C are actually going into and out of the page, but not at 180 degree angles. Because of the tetrahedral structure it wouldn't cancel.

Cavalli_1H
Posts: 92
Joined: Thu Sep 19, 2019 12:15 am

Re: polarity of dichloromethane

Postby Cavalli_1H » Sat Dec 07, 2019 12:59 pm

405310750 wrote:Since the structure of this molecule is tetrahedral, it is not the same that it looks when drawn as a 2 d Lewis structure. Essentially a tetrahedral structure can be rotated in different ways that is not accurately depicted in a 2 d structure, so if the H's and Cl's were opposite each other the molecule would still be polar. Imagine that the atoms on the left and right of the C are actually going into and out of the page, but not at 180 degree angles. Because of the tetrahedral structure it wouldn't cancel.

Does that mean that all tetrahedral molecules are polar?

Sanjana Borle 2K
Posts: 111
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

Re: polarity of dichloromethane

Postby Sanjana Borle 2K » Sat Dec 07, 2019 1:12 pm

Unless all four surrounding molecules are the same, all tetrahedral molecules are polar.


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