Polarity

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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Crystal Escobar 1F
Posts: 13
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Polarity

Postby Crystal Escobar 1F » Wed Oct 21, 2015 11:40 am

In general, how do we determine polarity? I know this question is already posted but it really didn't help me.

Thank you

tianying_feng_3J
Posts: 21
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Re: Polarity

Postby tianying_feng_3J » Wed Oct 21, 2015 12:26 pm

two things are important: electronegativity and shape
things that may make a molecule non-polar:
symmetrical shape
no lone pairs present (this is only true for some; for example, XeF4 has 2 lone paris around the Xe but it has a square planar shape and is non-polar)
same atoms around the central atom (this is also only true for some; for instance, trans-dichloroethene has H and Cl atoms around C and yet the dipoles cancel out each other if you draw the structure or check the example on ur course reader....and so it is non-polar )..
Vice versa for things that may make a molecule polar


These are just the general things about how to figure out the polarity of a molecule.
The crucial part is to have the correct lewis structure first.

Hope this helps.


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