(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)
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SO2 can have an expanded octate since some of its valence electrons are in the 3d orbital. That means it will have a lone pair to satisfy all the electrons in the molecule. Lone pair makes it polar versus CO2 has only 4 bonds with the two 0xygen molecules, no lone pairs.
Hello! Since CO2 does not have a lone pair on the central atom, its shape is linear. However, since SO2 does have a lone pair on the central atom, its shape is bent. This happens because the lone pair basically repels electrons from the other bonds. Since CO2 is linear and symmetrical it is non polar, but since SO2 is bent and asymmetrical, it is polar. Hope this helps!
The lone pair in the SO2 atom repels the O atoms down, giving the molecule a bent shape. Looking at the vectors, you will see that the molecule is polar. In CO2, however, Carbon does not have a lone pair, so the molecule is linear and nonpolar.
Hi, as everyone has said, the Lewis structures of CO2 and SO2 show that the central atom in CO2 does not have a lone pair while the central atom of SO2 does. So, the lone pair on the S atom causes lone pair and bonding pair repulsion, making SO2 have a bent shape. If you draw the vectors, you find that the vectors on SO2 do not cancel out, so SO2 is polar. CO2 has a linear shape, so when you draw its vectors, they cancel out, so CO2 is nonpolar. Hope this helps!
Although CO bond is polar, CO2 molecule is linear in shape so that the dipoles cancel out. For SO2, it has two SO double bond and a lone pair on S atom. As a result, the shape is bent so that the dipoles can't cancel out.
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