Forming the hybridization

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Rakhi Ratanjee 1D
Posts: 59
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Forming the hybridization

Postby Rakhi Ratanjee 1D » Sun Nov 19, 2017 12:29 pm

When naming the hybridization of an atom, why do you put the superscript only after the p, for example, bromine is sp^3d, even though d has two electrons?

Curtis Wong 2D
Posts: 62
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Forming the hybridization

Postby Curtis Wong 2D » Sun Nov 19, 2017 12:43 pm

We do not just put the superscript after the p. We sometimes put it after the d too. It depends on the atom itself. In SF6, the S atom forms hybrid orbitals of sp3d2. The amount of orbitals used in the structure responds to the hybridization. Since we used 6 orbitals, we have to go to s (1 orbital), p (3 orbitals) and d (2 orbitals). We can only use d orbitals when we're doing valence shell expansion.

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