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How to tell the hybridization

Posted: Sun Nov 19, 2017 7:54 pm
by Genisis Cabral
When looking at the lewis structure of a compound such as ethane, how would you use that too quickly tell what the hybridization of the compound is? Is there a quick method to do so?

Re: How to tell the hybridization

Posted: Sun Nov 19, 2017 7:57 pm
by Miranda 1J
You just look at how many electron domains are around the central C. If you have more than 1 C then you look at the hybridization around each one of them separately.

Re: How to tell the hybridization  [ENDORSED]

Posted: Mon Nov 20, 2017 12:14 pm
by McKenna disc 1C
Hi! Most helpful to me has been that the hybridization depends on the shape. So tetrahedral shapes will have a certain hybridization, as will linear, octahedral, trigonal bipyramidal, et cetera. So writing the Lewis structure would be a great first step!

Re: How to tell the hybridization

Posted: Mon Nov 20, 2017 3:43 pm
by Natalie LeRaybaud 1G
A quick way to determine hybridization is to look at the electron domains. Generally if a molecule has less than 5 electron domains, the hybridization has the number 1 less than the amount of domains. For example 4 e- domains: SP3, 3 e- domains: SP2, 2 e- domains: SP. Thats just a quick way to check if you have the right hybridization. Other than that I would still suggest that you know the concept behind it and how to determine the hybridization physically, like through drawing and finding the shape.

Re: How to tell the hybridization

Posted: Fri Nov 24, 2017 1:30 pm
by Karen Ung 2H
To tell the hybridization, I usually look at the number of electron dense areas. The total number will help you identify the hybridization by looking at the exponents of each letter. For example, an atom with four electron dene areas will have a hybridzation of sp^3.