basics of hybridization


Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

annie_finneran_1K
Posts: 37
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

basics of hybridization

Postby annie_finneran_1K » Sat May 26, 2018 3:49 pm

I am a bit confused on hybridization. can anyone direct me to a video or give an explanation of what it is and how to solve problems involving it? thank you :)

Jada Larson 1F
Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Jada Larson 1F » Sat May 26, 2018 4:47 pm

Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

danielruiz1G
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby danielruiz1G » Sun May 27, 2018 2:21 pm

If you want more practice with hybridization I think this explains it pretty well.
https://youtu.be/4xl0BD-tMeA

Caroline Crotty 1D
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Caroline Crotty 1D » Sat Jun 02, 2018 12:14 pm

Hybridization is related to the valence bond theory and is used to influence molecular geometry and bonding properties based off of how atomic orbitals are fused to form newly hybridized orbitals.

Alexander Hari 1L
Posts: 30
Joined: Wed Feb 14, 2018 3:02 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Alexander Hari 1L » Sat Jun 02, 2018 3:38 pm

I found this video pretty helpful, in case anyone else needs further explanation on hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyT5YF4UEy0

Anthony Mercado 1K
Posts: 27
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Anthony Mercado 1K » Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:12 pm

In conjunction with hybridization, I am confused as to why we denote elements molecules with notation such as sp^2, on the basis of its lone pair & type of bond it shares? What does this notation serve to inform viewers of, other than clutter up a Lewis drawing with more information?

Vivian Gonzalez 1A
Posts: 30
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Vivian Gonzalez 1A » Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:42 pm

How do we know when to apply hybridization?

FizaBaloch1J
Posts: 41
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:01 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby FizaBaloch1J » Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:48 pm

Basically, hybridization results from orbital overlap. To figure out the hybridization of an atom, you basically count the "things" (atoms and lone pairs only) surrounding an atom-- not including the central atom.

So if there are 2 things surrounding a central atom then its sp.
3 things- sp2
4 things- sp3

princessturner1G
Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:05 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby princessturner1G » Sun Jun 03, 2018 10:02 pm

When do you use hybridization and what is the main point of it?

juliaschreib1A
Posts: 29
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby juliaschreib1A » Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:34 pm

1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

Neha Divi 1K
Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Neha Divi 1K » Mon Jun 04, 2018 7:21 pm

Hybridization is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in the valence bond theory. The hybrid orbitals allow one to explain the molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties.

Kate Manganaro 1F
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Kate Manganaro 1F » Mon Jun 04, 2018 8:43 pm

Hello!
I'm assuming you have a basic understanding of hybrid orbitals from the various links that other students have provided. With this assumption, I will explain a little about the way I think of things. First, I count the regions of electron density around the central atom. After doing this, you can decide how many hybrid orbitals there are. For example, 2=sp, 3=sp^2, 4=sp^3, 5=sp^3d, 6=sp^3d^2.
Hope this helps :)

BriannaParrington-1B
Posts: 29
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby BriannaParrington-1B » Sun Jun 10, 2018 1:47 pm

juliaschreib1A wrote:1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3


I find this to be very helpful and easy to remember! Thank you!

204929947
Posts: 76
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby 204929947 » Sun Jun 10, 2018 3:36 pm

Jada Larson 1F wrote:Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.


Thankyou for this !!!!

Amanda 1A
Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:01 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Amanda 1A » Sun Jun 10, 2018 5:23 pm

also, the only options for hybridization are sp (2 groups), sp^2 (3 groups), sp^3 (4 groups), sp^3d (5 groups), sp^3d^2(6 groups).

Alicia Beebe
Posts: 37
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:01 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Alicia Beebe » Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:28 pm

I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

Jocelyn Fermin1J
Posts: 49
Joined: Tue Nov 14, 2017 3:01 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Jocelyn Fermin1J » Sun Jun 10, 2018 8:27 pm

Alicia Beebe wrote:I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?


A simple way you can think of Hybridization is where two orbitals are coming together to create a new atomic orbital to fit all the number of electrons. In terms of the final, I believe Lavelle will clearly say what is the hybridization of the central atom in ______ Lewis structure.

Madeleine Farrington 1B
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Madeleine Farrington 1B » Sun Jun 10, 2018 9:26 pm

I found this video extremely helpful in explaining how to determine the hybridization of orbitals in a molecule.
[youtube]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4xl0BD-tMeA[/youtube]

Alondra Juarez section 1E
Posts: 47
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:03 am

Re: basics of hybridization

Postby Alondra Juarez section 1E » Sun Jun 10, 2018 10:37 pm

One thing I found helpful for hybridization is basically if its 1-attachment= S , 2-attachment= SP , 3-attachment=sp^(2), 4-attachment= sp^(3), 5-attachment= SP^(3)D, 6--attachment = SP^(3)D^(2).


Return to “Hybridization”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest