### basics of hybridization

Posted:

**Sat May 26, 2018 3:49 pm**I am a bit confused on hybridization. can anyone direct me to a video or give an explanation of what it is and how to solve problems involving it? thank you :)

Created by Dr. Laurence Lavelle

https://lavelle.chem.ucla.edu/forum/

https://lavelle.chem.ucla.edu/forum/viewtopic.php?f=42&t=32028

Page **1** of **1**

Posted: **Sat May 26, 2018 3:49 pm**

I am a bit confused on hybridization. can anyone direct me to a video or give an explanation of what it is and how to solve problems involving it? thank you :)

Posted: **Sat May 26, 2018 4:47 pm**

Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

Posted: **Sun May 27, 2018 2:21 pm**

If you want more practice with hybridization I think this explains it pretty well.

https://youtu.be/4xl0BD-tMeA

https://youtu.be/4xl0BD-tMeA

Posted: **Sat Jun 02, 2018 12:14 pm**

Hybridization is related to the valence bond theory and is used to influence molecular geometry and bonding properties based off of how atomic orbitals are fused to form newly hybridized orbitals.

Posted: **Sat Jun 02, 2018 3:38 pm**

I found this video pretty helpful, in case anyone else needs further explanation on hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyT5YF4UEy0

Posted: **Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:12 pm**

In conjunction with hybridization, I am confused as to why we denote elements molecules with notation such as sp^2, on the basis of its lone pair & type of bond it shares? What does this notation serve to inform viewers of, other than clutter up a Lewis drawing with more information?

Posted: **Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:42 pm**

How do we know when to apply hybridization?

Posted: **Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:48 pm**

Basically, hybridization results from orbital overlap. To figure out the hybridization of an atom, you basically count the "things" (atoms and lone pairs only) surrounding an atom-- not including the central atom.

So if there are 2 things surrounding a central atom then its sp.

3 things- sp2

4 things- sp3

So if there are 2 things surrounding a central atom then its sp.

3 things- sp2

4 things- sp3

Posted: **Sun Jun 03, 2018 10:02 pm**

When do you use hybridization and what is the main point of it?

Posted: **Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:34 pm**

1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.

2. Count the number of lone pairs.

3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).

4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.

5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.

For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

2. Count the number of lone pairs.

3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).

4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.

5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.

For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

Posted: **Mon Jun 04, 2018 7:21 pm**

Hybridization is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in the valence bond theory. The hybrid orbitals allow one to explain the molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties.

Posted: **Mon Jun 04, 2018 8:43 pm**

Hello!

I'm assuming you have a basic understanding of hybrid orbitals from the various links that other students have provided. With this assumption, I will explain a little about the way I think of things. First, I count the regions of electron density around the central atom. After doing this, you can decide how many hybrid orbitals there are. For example, 2=sp, 3=sp^2, 4=sp^3, 5=sp^3d, 6=sp^3d^2.

Hope this helps :)

I'm assuming you have a basic understanding of hybrid orbitals from the various links that other students have provided. With this assumption, I will explain a little about the way I think of things. First, I count the regions of electron density around the central atom. After doing this, you can decide how many hybrid orbitals there are. For example, 2=sp, 3=sp^2, 4=sp^3, 5=sp^3d, 6=sp^3d^2.

Hope this helps :)

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 1:47 pm**

juliaschreib1A wrote:1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.

2. Count the number of lone pairs.

3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).

4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.

5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.

For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

I find this to be very helpful and easy to remember! Thank you!

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 3:36 pm**

Jada Larson 1F wrote:Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

Thankyou for this !!!!

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 5:23 pm**

also, the only options for hybridization are sp (2 groups), sp^2 (3 groups), sp^3 (4 groups), sp^3d (5 groups), sp^3d^2(6 groups).

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:28 pm**

I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 8:27 pm**

Alicia Beebe wrote:I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

A simple way you can think of Hybridization is where two orbitals are coming together to create a new atomic orbital to fit all the number of electrons. In terms of the final, I believe Lavelle will clearly say what is the hybridization of the central atom in ______ Lewis structure.

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 9:26 pm**

I found this video extremely helpful in explaining how to determine the hybridization of orbitals in a molecule.

[youtube]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4xl0BD-tMeA[/youtube]

[youtube]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4xl0BD-tMeA[/youtube]

Posted: **Sun Jun 10, 2018 10:37 pm**

One thing I found helpful for hybridization is basically if its 1-attachment= S , 2-attachment= SP , 3-attachment=sp^(2), 4-attachment= sp^(3), 5-attachment= SP^(3)D, 6--attachment = SP^(3)D^(2).