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basics of hybridization

Posted: Sat May 26, 2018 3:49 pm
by annie_finneran_1K
I am a bit confused on hybridization. can anyone direct me to a video or give an explanation of what it is and how to solve problems involving it? thank you :)

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sat May 26, 2018 4:47 pm
by Jada Larson 1F
Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun May 27, 2018 2:21 pm
by danielruiz1G
If you want more practice with hybridization I think this explains it pretty well.
https://youtu.be/4xl0BD-tMeA

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sat Jun 02, 2018 12:14 pm
by Caroline Crotty 1D
Hybridization is related to the valence bond theory and is used to influence molecular geometry and bonding properties based off of how atomic orbitals are fused to form newly hybridized orbitals.

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sat Jun 02, 2018 3:38 pm
by Alexander Hari 1L
I found this video pretty helpful, in case anyone else needs further explanation on hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyT5YF4UEy0

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:12 pm
by Anthony Mercado 1K
In conjunction with hybridization, I am confused as to why we denote elements molecules with notation such as sp^2, on the basis of its lone pair & type of bond it shares? What does this notation serve to inform viewers of, other than clutter up a Lewis drawing with more information?

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:42 pm
by Vivian Gonzalez 1A
How do we know when to apply hybridization?

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 03, 2018 9:48 pm
by FizaBaloch1J
Basically, hybridization results from orbital overlap. To figure out the hybridization of an atom, you basically count the "things" (atoms and lone pairs only) surrounding an atom-- not including the central atom.

So if there are 2 things surrounding a central atom then its sp.
3 things- sp2
4 things- sp3

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 03, 2018 10:02 pm
by princessturner1G
When do you use hybridization and what is the main point of it?

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:34 pm
by juliaschreib1A
1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Mon Jun 04, 2018 7:21 pm
by Neha Divi 1K
Hybridization is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in the valence bond theory. The hybrid orbitals allow one to explain the molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties.

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Mon Jun 04, 2018 8:43 pm
by Kate Manganaro 1F
Hello!
I'm assuming you have a basic understanding of hybrid orbitals from the various links that other students have provided. With this assumption, I will explain a little about the way I think of things. First, I count the regions of electron density around the central atom. After doing this, you can decide how many hybrid orbitals there are. For example, 2=sp, 3=sp^2, 4=sp^3, 5=sp^3d, 6=sp^3d^2.
Hope this helps :)

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 1:47 pm
by BriannaParrington-1B
juliaschreib1A wrote:1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3


I find this to be very helpful and easy to remember! Thank you!

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 3:36 pm
by 204929947
Jada Larson 1F wrote:Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.


Thankyou for this !!!!

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 5:23 pm
by Amanda 1A
also, the only options for hybridization are sp (2 groups), sp^2 (3 groups), sp^3 (4 groups), sp^3d (5 groups), sp^3d^2(6 groups).

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:28 pm
by Alicia Beebe
I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 8:27 pm
by Jocelyn Fermin1J
Alicia Beebe wrote:I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?


A simple way you can think of Hybridization is where two orbitals are coming together to create a new atomic orbital to fit all the number of electrons. In terms of the final, I believe Lavelle will clearly say what is the hybridization of the central atom in ______ Lewis structure.

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 9:26 pm
by Madeleine Farrington 1B
I found this video extremely helpful in explaining how to determine the hybridization of orbitals in a molecule.
[youtube]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4xl0BD-tMeA[/youtube]

Re: basics of hybridization

Posted: Sun Jun 10, 2018 10:37 pm
by Alondra Juarez section 1E
One thing I found helpful for hybridization is basically if its 1-attachment= S , 2-attachment= SP , 3-attachment=sp^(2), 4-attachment= sp^(3), 5-attachment= SP^(3)D, 6--attachment = SP^(3)D^(2).