Hybrid orbitals

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Hybrid orbitals

Postby paulacamara1E » Sun Jun 03, 2018 10:48 pm

On my notes I have the sentence that says regions of electron density equal the number of hybrid orbitals. I copied it from Dr. Lavelle's powerpoint but I am having a hard time understanding this concept. Could someone further explain it in simple terms?

Gabi Landes 1-H
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Gabi Landes 1-H » Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:02 pm

# of regions of electron density = # bonds and lone pairs around an atom

- a double bond, triple bond, or a lone pair counts as only one region of electron density

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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby 404975170 » Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:10 pm

A region of electron density is either a pair of lone pair electrons or a bond (every single, double and triple bonds just counts as one region). The number of regions correspond to a hybrid orbital (s, sp, sp2 etc.)
1 region - s
2 regions- sp
3 regions- sp2
4 regions- sp3
5 regions- sp3d
6 regions-sp3d2

Count the number of regions of electron density around the particular atom you are focusing on and then it’s hybridization is shown above which should be memorized.

Kalsuda Lapborisuth 1B
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Kalsuda Lapborisuth 1B » Sun Jun 03, 2018 11:13 pm

Electrons are more likely going to be found in the bonding region. Logically, the amount of electron density region would be equal to the number of hybrid orbital.

Haison Nguyen 1I
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Haison Nguyen 1I » Mon Jun 04, 2018 11:55 am

Regions of electron density are the amount of bonds (single, double, and triple all count as one) or lone pairs a central atom has. So if there are 5 regions of electron density for example, it would be sp3d.

Cameron Smith 1I
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Cameron Smith 1I » Mon Jun 04, 2018 10:57 pm

What are the energy levels of hybrid orbitals in comparison to other orbitals?

Raquel Floyd 1K
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Re: Hybrid orbitals

Postby Raquel Floyd 1K » Tue Jun 05, 2018 2:25 pm

The hybridized energy level becomes between the original energy levels. I am not sure if we are excepted to know how to find what the exact energy level value of the hybridized molecule.

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