## How to Determine

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Hannah Faris 1C
Posts: 34
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

### How to Determine

Could someone explain what causes hybridization? I think I'm just a little confused overall.

Thanks!!

Jonas Talandis
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: How to Determine

Hybridization comes from the random dispersion of electrons in an atom or molecule. The e- are in constant motion, so if they randomly all happen to be mostly to one side, that creates a dipole dispersion, allowing for another dipole molecule to bond via Van der Waals forces to the opposite charge of the dipole. Hybridization is the inducing of the dipole allowing this to happen.

cara_cavarretta_3F
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

### Re: How to Determine

Are you referring to hybridization of atomic orbitals?

Isabelle_Maletz_3E
Posts: 27
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

### Re: How to Determine

Hybridization is what occurs when the atomic orbitals in the atom (s, p, and sometimes d) overlap consequently creating a larger orbital. This happens when bonds are formed and the electrons of one atom are interacting with those of another. Hybridized orbitals allow for stronger and more stable bonds.

505211599
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

### Re: How to Determine

Hybridization is the result of delocalized electrons from multiple orbitals overlapping to form larger orbitals

Shibhon_Shepard
Posts: 62
Joined: Wed Nov 15, 2017 3:04 am

### Re: How to Determine

Can someone give a concrete example that would help better visualize this? thanks

Michelle Cervantes 1H
Posts: 12
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am

### Re: How to Determine

Yeah I was in discussion today and I am still confused about hybridization. I just remember it being an interaction with the P & S orbitals but I am still confused. If there is any visual representation to help us visualize it, that would be soo helpful.

haleyervin7
Posts: 61
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

### Re: How to Determine

How does hybridization affect molecular shape? Does this have to do with resonance?

Marcela Udave 1F
Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: How to Determine

I don't think resonance affects it but Im not certain. That being said hybridization to explain molecular geometry.
linear → sp
trigonal planar → sp²
tetrahedral → sp³
trigonal pyramidal → sp³d
octahedral → sp³d²

Soyoung Park 1H
Posts: 30
Joined: Sat Sep 29, 2018 12:15 am

### Re: How to Determine

Does hybridization relate to AX2 and AX3? What do these mean??

Bianca Barcelo 4I
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am
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### Re: How to Determine

Soyoung Park 1H wrote:Does hybridization relate to AX2 and AX3? What do these mean??

I believe those are notations related to the VSEPR formula.

Bianca Barcelo 4I
Posts: 74
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am
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### Re: How to Determine

Does this lead to the formation of pi and sigma bonds?

Marcela Udave 1F
Posts: 66
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: How to Determine

Note:
Single bonds--> one sigma bond
Double bonds--> one sigma and one pie.
Triple bonds--> one sigma and two pies.