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Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 4:08 pm
by Jacqueline Duong 1H
Can someone please explain sigma and pi bonds and how they are formed?

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 4:20 pm
by Chem_Mod
Sigma and Pi bonds are formed by the overlap of atomic orbitals. Sigma bonds are formed by end-to-end overlapping and Pi bonds are when the lobe of one atomic orbital overlaps another. These orbitals are the same orbitals that we talked about in previous lectures (s, p, d, etc.).

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 4:29 pm
by Nick Bazett 1F
What are the shapes of Sigma and Pi bonds?

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds  [ENDORSED]

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 4:42 pm
by Jessica Chen 1F
Something to add on is that all single bonds are sigma bonds, all double bonds have one sigma and one pi bond, and all triple bonds have one sigma and two pi bonds and so on (all have one sigma, the rest are pi bonds). The sigma bonds allow the molecule to rotate, but the pi bonds are rigid and lock the molecule into place so that it is unable to rotate.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 4:53 pm
by Rithana Srikanth 3L
The shapes of sigma bonds are more spherical, whereas pi bonds look like a dumbbell with the lobes on either end of the bond axis.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:36 pm
by mayra martinez 1D
Adding on to that, sigma bonds are more spherical because they correspond with the s-orbital. The pi bonds are more dumbell shape and they correspond with the p-obitals.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 5:37 pm
by Louis Zhao 4C
Does anyone know the reason why pi bonds cannot rotate while sigma bonds can, so like how does the structure of each bond result in their ability to rotate?

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Sun Nov 18, 2018 7:45 pm
by Megan_Ervin_1F
Why was doctor Lavelle talking about how sigma and pi bonds rotate and some cannot rotate because they snap? Could someone explain?

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Mon Nov 19, 2018 1:25 pm
by Laura Gong 3H
Sigma bonds have their electron density along the bond axis and cylindrical in shape which allow for rotation. Pi bonds have their electron density above and below the bond axis. Their orbitals overlap side by side which makes them rigid, trying to rotate that bond would result in breaking that bond.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Mon Nov 19, 2018 4:37 pm
by Meigan Wu 2E
Also, sigma bonds are made from hybridized orbitals and pi bonds are made from unhybridized orbitals.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Mon Nov 19, 2018 4:55 pm
by Angela Cong 3C
pi bonds are bonded side by side different than sigma bonds, because of the physical structure, rotating the molecule along the sigma bond would cause the pi bond to snap.

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Mon Nov 19, 2018 6:33 pm
by Bianca Barcelo 4I
Meigan Wu 3I wrote:Also, sigma bonds are made from hybridized orbitals and pi bonds are made from unhybridized orbitals.


What happens when a d orbital is involved in hybridization? Does that affect the shape in any way?

Re: Sigma and Pi Bonds

Posted: Mon Nov 19, 2018 10:48 pm
by Saachi_Kotia_4E
sigma bonds involve a single overlap, such as when two s orbitals overlap, or one s overlaps with a p orbital. pi bonds involve a double overlap, such as when two p orbitals overlap side by side, so that they are inflexible. this is why pi bonds are stronger