Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Tamera Scott 1G
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

What is the difference between hybridized and unhybridized orbitals?

Chem_Mod
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Re: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

Hybrid orbitals are a bonding scheme or model of orbitals, experimentally determined to match what actually happens in bonding. Hybrid orbitals are hybrids, or a mix, or atomic orbitals.

Brian Hom 2F
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:24 am

Re: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

Unhybridized orbitals are the regular atomic orbitals that we have always known. Hybridized orbitals are orbitals that represent a mixture of unhybridized orbitals. These orbitals show what actually happens in bonding and help determine the molecular shape.

Meigan Wu 2E
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Re: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

If this helps, a sigma bond is made up of hybridized orbitals and a pi bond is made up of unhybridized orbitals

Saachi_Kotia_4E
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Re: Hybridized vs. Unhybridized Orbitals

hybridized orbitals have energy that is between unhybridized orbitals, it can be seen as a blend of different orbitals. such as the sp3 hybridized orbital, which is a blend of the s orbital and the 3 p orbitals, and has an energy that is between the s and p orbitals. this also results in a different bond angle for the atom that has the hybridized orbitals in the molecular structure.