## reason for hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

305174946
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### reason for hybridization

why does hybridization exist?

Parth Mungra
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Hybridization is experimentally observed. It explains how atoms, like Carbon, form bonds at the orbital level. It was observed that the orbitals mix to create something we call hybrid orbitals.

Kobe_Wright
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

It is an experimentally observed way that bonds are formed, for instance in carbon there is 4 bonds made however carbon has 2s^2 and 2p^2 so technically it only has 2 valence electrons in an incomplete shell, so what happens when carbon is entering it's bonding state the 2s electrons diffract and join the 2p orbital as 2 more un paired electrons which allows carbon to make 4 bonds with its 2p^4 orbital but its hybrid state would be written 2sp^3. One sigma and 3 pi bonds.

Emily Ng_4C
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Hybridization occurs molecules/atoms can bond with other molecules/atoms. To my understanding, looking at the electronic configuration, electrons aren't always in the spot to bond. For instance, carbon's electronic configuration is 1s22s22p2. It only has 2 unpaired electrons even though we know that carbon can form 4 bonds. Hybridization creates the other two unpaired electrons by merging the 2s and 2p orbitals together so that the carbon can bond with other atoms/molecules.

harperlacroix1a
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### Re: reason for hybridization

It exists because hybridized orbitals are lower in energy which results in a more stable compound

Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Hybridization occurs because hybridized orbitals have lower energy than when they are unhybridized, so the compounds that they form are more stable.

Manas Jinka
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Hybridized orbitals have less energy than the unhybridized orbitals. The compound is more stable when hybridization occurs.

Mhun-Jeong Isaac Lee 1B
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### Re: reason for hybridization

Another way to understand it better is to have a visual of it. The unhybridized orbitals morph to become new hybridized orbitals which have been experimentally observed.

Abhi4F
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Since hybridized orbitals have less energy than unhybridized orbitals, it results in more stable compounds.

Nell Mitchell 1E
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: reason for hybridization

Hybridization allows for the most stable (and most desirable) structure. When there are hybrid orbitals there are enough electrons to complete the necessary bonds - regardless of whether there is a suitable number of valence electrons. Carbon, for example, only has two valence electrons but hybridization allows there to be 4 electron regions for bonding and therefore allows carbon to make its most stable bonds.