Hybridization Orbitals


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Emilee Hosking 1D
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Hybridization Orbitals

Postby Emilee Hosking 1D » Sun Nov 25, 2018 2:27 pm

When finding the hybrid orbitals of C2H4, why would you identify the orbitals as one C2sp^2-C2sp^2 and two H1s-C2sp^2 orbitals? I understand how to find what the hybrid orbitals are, but I am not sure how what the 1 and 2s that follow the C and H represent.

Jonathan Omens 1K
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: Hybridization Orbitals

Postby Jonathan Omens 1K » Sun Nov 25, 2018 2:38 pm

The 1 and 2 after the H and C represent the 1 in 1s or 2 in 2sp shell respectively. This is to distinguish between other shells such as 2s, 3s, 4s, etc. or a 3sp hybrid orbital. The hydrogen has 1s because a H atom has a valence electron in the 1s shell. The C has 2sp because the orbitals are a hybrid of the 2s and 2p orbitals of the atom.

taywebb
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: Hybridization Orbitals

Postby taywebb » Sun Nov 25, 2018 2:39 pm

When describing how a hybrid orbital is oriented on the test, would it be necessary to put the degrees? (Ex: 120 degrees for trigonal planar)


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