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problem 4.91

Posted: Mon Nov 26, 2018 11:02 pm
by skyeblee2F
According to the textbook and solutions, benzyne (C6H4) is highly reactive because of the sp hybridization of two of the carbon atoms (there are two double bonds and one triple bond). Can someone explain to me how hybridization has an effect on how reactive a molecule is?

Re: problem 4.91

Posted: Mon Nov 26, 2018 11:06 pm
by Carissa Young 1K
The hybridizations of sp of 2 of the 6 C atoms want to be in a linear arrangement with 180 degree angles but can't because of the constrainment of being in a 6-membered ring whose angles are close to 120 degrees. This makes benzyne highly reactive with these hybridzations.