S character

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Albert_Luu3K
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

S character

In 6th edition textbook, question 4.43, it talks about s-character in regards to hybridization. What is s character?

Ryan Troutman 4L
Posts: 68
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:22 am

Re: S character

s-character is the contribution of the sigma type bond in hybridization So, if you have sp, it is a 50-50 percent s-p character ratio, while sp2 has a ratio of 33-66 and sp3 has a ratio of 25 to 75 s character to p character. It's simply the percent that the s takes up in hybridization.

Posts: 64
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

Re: S character

Ryan Troutman 3J wrote:s-character is the contribution of the sigma type bond in hybridization So, if you have sp, it is a 50-50 percent s-p character ratio, while sp2 has a ratio of 33-66 and sp3 has a ratio of 25 to 75 s character to p character. It's simply the percent that the s takes up in hybridization.

This is correct. Also adding on, bonds with more s character are stronger and harder to break.

Albert_Luu3K
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

Re: S character

Oh okay, I was just overthinking it. Thank you!