tetrahedral


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davidryan3f
Posts: 63
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

tetrahedral

Postby davidryan3f » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:47 pm

can someone explain to me why tetrahedral is sp3 hybridization?

404536963
Posts: 29
Joined: Fri Feb 02, 2018 3:02 am

Re: tetrahedral

Postby 404536963 » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:52 pm

Tetrahedral is an atom that has 4 bonds. This means that the 2s orbital and the 2p orbital hybridize to form sp3. To determine a molecule's hybridization, just count the number of bonds/lone pairs on the central atom (1 bond= s, 2 bond= sp, 3 bond= p2, 4 bond= sp3, 5 bond= sp3d, 6 bond= sp3d2, etc.)

Elias Omar 1G
Posts: 52
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Re: tetrahedral

Postby Elias Omar 1G » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:53 pm

The type of hyrbrid orbital is named after the number of p orbitals that are needed for the central atom to have the right amount of bonds. An sp3 hybrid orbital is 1 s orbital and the three p orbitals of the same energy level (sp2 would be one s orbital and 2 p orbitals). because the central atom bonds with 4 other atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement, all four sp3 orbitals are needed to hold valence electrons.

Xingzheng Sun 2K
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:29 am

Re: tetrahedral

Postby Xingzheng Sun 2K » Mon Dec 03, 2018 8:51 pm

The tetrahedral shape has 4 bonds, which in order 1, 2, 3, 4 bonds form s, sp, sp2 and sp3 hybridization.

Ricardo Martin 1J
Posts: 63
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: tetrahedral

Postby Ricardo Martin 1J » Thu Dec 06, 2018 10:51 am

4 areas of electron density equals sp3 hybridization.

Anmol_cheema_2F
Posts: 60
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

Re: tetrahedral

Postby Anmol_cheema_2F » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:54 pm

Since there are four areas of electron density, it is sp3.
2=sp 3=sp2 4=sp3 5=sp3d 6=sp3d2


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