## Hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

Amanda Ung 4D
Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

### Hybridization

What exactly is hybridization and why are hybrid orbitals significant?

Anna Heckler 2C
Posts: 102
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:18 am

### Re: Hybridization

Hybridization occurs when atomic orbitals fuse together to form new hybridized orbitals.

Eesha Sohail 1D
Posts: 100
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Hybridization

When molecules are created, the way they share electrons messes with the shape of each atom's orbitals, and what ends up happening is that the orbitals "hybridize" to create molecular orbitals, rather than behaving the way they do with unbonded atoms. However, since we haven't really talked about it in lecture yet I wouldn't worry too much about it.

aishwarya_atmakuri
Posts: 101
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:15 am

### Re: Hybridization

Hybridization is when 2 or more orbitals combine. For example, if a carbon has 4 bonds, all 4 of those bonds are the same. All the electrons cannot be in the same orbital, so in order for them to be equal, the orbitals have to hybridize.

Ruby Richter 2L
Posts: 103
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Hybridization

In lecture today, Lavelle did an example concerning CH4 and its hybridization. I'm confused as to why the structure is "better explained" by mixing one 2s and three 2p orbitals to form four equivalent sp3 orbitals. What exactly does it mean to "mix" orbitals and why does it happen?

005384106
Posts: 101
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Hybridization

Does hybridization depend on the number of bonds between atoms?

BCaballero_4F
Posts: 94
Joined: Wed Nov 14, 2018 12:22 am

### Re: Hybridization

005384106 wrote:Does hybridization depend on the number of bonds between atoms?

The number of hybrid orbitals depends on the number of regions of electron density.